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The Squid - Universal Matching Transformer for Beverage / Longwire / Dipole / Random wire / K9AY / Flag / EWE Antennas

Just $49 with Free Shipping! (USA Only)

This is what I've used for a while with my beverage antenna, with great results. I've had others ask about buying one, so now here it is!

The big advantage over a regular matching transformer that only handles one impedance is this one has a tapped transformer. So it can match a wide range of antennas. And you don't even need to know your antenna's impedance, try the combinations and pick the best one. And if your antenna changes, you don't need a new transformer, just change the pair of wires you use. Easy!

Proper matching of your antenna is critical if you want the best possible performance. While small impedance differences do not cause significant problems for receiving antennas (unlike transmitting applications where the resulting high SWR is a problem), large differences can.

Your radio's antenna connector typically has a 50 ohm impedance, however the impedance of your antenna can be significantly different. This is especially true for Beverage, Random wire (Longwire), K9AY, Flag, Pennant, Ewe, and Folded dipole antennas which tend to have much higher impedances. Directly connecting these antennas to the 50 ohm coax running to your receiver results in a significant impedance mismatch, with high losses resulting in weaker signals. The antenna's pattern can also be affected. The net result - your antenna is not working as well as it should (and it could in fact be working very poorly).

This is solved by using a matching transformer, which allows maximum signal transfer between your antenna and receiver. This is not a problem - if you know the actual impedance of your antenna. However, most of the time you don't. Even if you used a published antenna designed, or modeled your antenna with software, the actual impedance of the antenna is often different, perhaps significantly different, than the design impedance.

The solution is our matching transformer which allows a range of impedances to be matched to 50 ohms. The primary (antenna side) of the transformer is tapped, so it can match numerous impedances to a 50 ohm output. There are six wires on the primary side. Based on which combination of two of these wires are used, a range of impedances can be matched to 50 ohms. Each wire is a different color, so it is easy to determine which wires to use. And even if you don't know the actual impedance of your antenna, it is still easy to use. Just try the various combinations, and determine which works best with your antenna. And should you change your antenna, resulting in a different impedance, you can still use the transformer, just select a different combination of wires, resulting in a different impedance. No need to buy or build a new transformer.

Connection of the transformer is easy. Select two of the six wires, based on the known impedance of the antenna, or through experimentation. The antenna wire and ground wire are first each connected to one of the eyebolts on the transformer by passing them through and then wrapping a few turns. This provides strain relief. Do not connect the antenna or ground wires directly to the transformer wires without doing this, or the wires could be pulled out, damaging the transformer. The eyebolt at the top of the transformer can be used to hang it for mounting. The eyebolts are insulated from the transformer windings.

One wire is connected to the antenna wire, the other to your ground wire, ideally to a ground rod located close to the transformer and terminal end of the antenna. The connections should be secured with wire nuts and/or electrical tape (which you supply). The four unused wires should also be covered to prevent corrosion, should you wish to use them in the future. Their short length will not cause appreciable unwanted RF pickup.

The following table shows the nominal matched antenna impedance for each combination of two wires. Due to the number of turns in each tap, a few values get repeated. As the transformer primary and secondary are insulated, the wire you use for the antenna and ground connections does not matter for most antennas. Exact impedance matching is not required for most antennas, the values covered by the transformer allow a wide range of antennas to be matched.

Wire colors Impedance (ohms)
Black / Blue 13
Black / Green 78
Black / Yellow 253
Black / Red 613
Black / White 1250
Blue / Green 28
Blue / Yellow 153
Blue / Red 450
Blue / White 1013
Green / Yellow 50
Green / Red 253
Green / White 703
Yellow / Red 78
Yellow / White 378
Red / White 113

Note: This transformer is for receive only applications, not for transmitting. Transmitting into it will damage it and possibly your radio. It does not provide protection from lightning. You should always use a lightning arrestor with any antenna, and follow the appropriate electrical wiring codes. Antennas should be disconnected during storms for maximum safety, and to prevent damage to the transformer, and your radio. All antennas must always be kept away from power lines, with no possibility of contact under any circumstances.

Just $49 Free Shipping (We ship to the USA Only)


Email your comments and questions to info@blackcatsystems.com

Last September 25, 2017